In 2018, Vermont became the first state to legalize adult-use cannabis through the Legislature, not the voters, as the state has no popular referendum process in place. In October of 2020, Vermont passed a tax and regulate bill.

Sales are expected to launch in October 2022.

Find more Vermont cannabis news, interviews, and information below

How much will Vermont tax cannabis?


The state of Vermont will impose a 14% excise tax on cannabis at the point of sale. There’s also a 6% general sales tax that will apply, for a total of 20%.

How will Vermont spend cannabis tax revenue?

Act 164 states that “revenue from the sales and use tax imposed . . . on retail sales of cannabis or cannabis products in this State shall be used to fund a grant program to start or expand afterschool and summer learning programs, with a focus on increasing access in underserved areas of the State.”


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Vermont Municipalities Opted-In to Retail Cannabis Sales


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Expungement & Possession Updates

In October 2020, the legislature also passed — and Gov. Scott signed — a bill that requires the automatic expungement of all cannabis possession offenses, and decriminalized possession of cannabis in amounts  about twice the legal limit. It took effect on January 1, 2021. You can read a summary of S. 234 here.

Cultivation up to 9 plants — 3 mature and up to six immature — became a civil penalty starting on January 1, 2021

As of July 1, 2018, adult cultivation in private of up to six cannabis plants — two mature and up to four immature — is no longer punishable by a criminal or civil penalty. Those who cultivate cannabis for their own personal use may possess at home the total quantity of their harvest.

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Hemp leaves dry in the barn at a farm in Marlboro.

Possession of 1-2 ounces became a civil penalty starting on January 1, 2021.

As of July 1, 2018, possession of one ounce or less of cannabis by a person 21 years of age or older, is no longer punishable by a civil penalty or fine.

Learn more about possession, sale and cultivation laws and penalties in Vermont.

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Penalties for Possession, Sale and Cultivation of Cannabis in Vermont

Detailed chart outlining penalties for different levels of possessions, sale and cultivation of cannabis in the state of Vermont, including updates for 2021.

VT Pot Penalties

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Check out our brand-new mixed resources page for policy developments, legislative summaries, COVID-19 support for business and individuals, anti-racism resources and news, and a cannabis dictionary.