Want to learn more about decarbing? Check out Stephanie Boucher’s Cannakitchen column, The Great Decarb Debate, on decarboxylation.
Acidic vs Activated Cannabinoids: What’s the Difference?
What’s the difference between acidic, or inactive, and activated forms of cannabis? Explore what acidic cannabinoids are, how cannabinoids become activated, potential benefits and types of products that contain acidic vs activated cannabinoids.
What are acidic/non-activated cannabinoids?
Acidic cannabinoids are raw and occur naturally in all types of cannabis plants. THCA and CBDA, for example, are both acidic cannabinoids. The extra “A” stands for acid.
One of the most important distinguishing features of acidic cannabinoids is that they are non-psychoactive when consumed in that form.
This is because acidic cannabinoids don’t have the same affinity for the body’s cannabinoid receptors as activated cannabinoids.
Over time, acidic cannabinoids will slowly and naturally convert into activated cannabinoids. This process is called decarboxylation. Subjecting raw cannabis to high temperatures – i.e., sparking up your bong or baking weed cookies — accelerates this process.
Examples of cannabis products that are non-activated include raw flower, pre-rolls, shatter, wax, hash, rosin and live resin.
Potential therapeutic benefits of non-activated cannabinoids
- Δ9- Tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA) displays a robust range of potential therapeutic effects that include anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory, neuroprotective, and anti-tumor qualities that may help treat illnesses as diverse as arthritis, lupus, and Alzheimer’s.
- Cannabidiolic acid (CBDA) has shown promise in slowing the development of cancer cells and tumors, particularly in slowing the spread of aggressive breast cancer.
- Cannabichromenic acid (CBCA) appears to be a powerhouse antibacterial agent. In one study, CBCA demonstrated faster and more potent bactericidal activity than vancomycin, the antibiotic used to treat MRSA infections.
Acidic cannabinoids may further enhance the entourage effect when teamed with activated cannabinoids.
What are activated cannabinoids?
If you’ve experimented with smoking weed or sampled edibles, then you’re already familiar with activated cannabinoids. Cannabinoids become activated thanks to the process of decarboxylation.
In the simplest terms, when raw cannabis is exposed to heat or left to its own devices over a long period of time (months or years), the cannabinoids in the plant undergo a chemical reaction.
This chemical reaction removes a carboxyl group from the cannabinoid, changing it from acidic into an activated form. To decarb cannabis immediately with heat, for example, dried cannabis buds can be baked in a 230 degrees Fahrenheit (104 Celsius) oven for approximately 30 minutes.
Users consume activated cannabinoids more often than their raw counterparts. It make sense then that the majority of cannabinoid research also focuses on activated cannabinoids. As a result, we have more knowledge about the interactions with activated cannabinoids and the endocannabinoid system.
When THCA undergoes decarboxylation to become activated THC, it can bind more efficiently to CB1 receptors in the endocannabinoid system. Activated THC kicks off the euphoric, intoxicating high for which cannabis is famed. Intoxication only occurs with activated cannabinoids.
Examples of cannabis products that are activated include edibles, tinctures, topicals, distillate, oils, FECO, RSO and CO2 oil.
Potential therapeutic benefits of activated cannabinoids
The therapeutic profiles of activated cannabinoids are well-established in clinical studies. With the shift towards cannabis legalization both throughout the US and globally, research into activated cannabinoids is proliferating.
THC has the potential to stimulate appetite, relieve nausea, help with cancer pain, reduce muscle spasticity, sedate, and relax. CBD is being studied for anti-anxiety effects, reducing pain and inflammation, and as a possible treatment for certain addictions. Minor cannabinoids, like CBN, CBG, and CBC, have all been associated with their own unique therapeutic potentials.
Activated cannabinoids may also provide the immediate onset of relief for symptoms such as pain, nausea, convulsions, and anxiety. Thanks to an ever-growing repository of knowledge around activated cannabinoids, there are resources to help manage dosage and avoid interactions with other drugs.
How are acidic cannabinoids best prepared?
If acidic cannabinoids sound intriguing, raw juicing represents an easy entry point for experimenting with them. Simply cold-press fresh cannabis buds and leaves in a cold-press juicer, which helps preserve the integrity of the plant’s properties, and blend with fruit or vegetable juice. See our recipe for Fresh Green Juice with Cannabis Fan Leaves.
NOTES OF CAUTION: Accidental activation can and does happen, especially with home grow and homemade concoctions. For example, did you know that the heat from the speed of your juicer blades or high-speed blender can activate trim and fan leaves? Inversely, you should also use caution when handling already activated products, like topicals, edibles and oil, and wear gloves to prevent accidental absorption.
Thanks for reading! 🙏🏽
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